The Hungarian government has adopted a new comprehensive artificial intelligence (AI) strategy that sets ambitious goals and measures for the development and use of AI in Hungary through to 2030.
The strategy includes the development of high tech and green AI that makes the most of opportunities offered by modern technologies for the raising of living standard and protecting the environment.
According to the strategy, by 2040 automation and AI will affect 900,000 workers in Hungary since – according to experts – more than 40% of the nation's current jobs can become automated.
Hungary's newly passed AI strategy includes the caveat that a change of such magnitude will require coordinated preparation and the attainment of the following targets by 2030:
- 15% GDP increase from AI with AI adoption exceeding the regional average;
- 26% average productivity growth in the corporate sector compared to 2020 (i.e. the increase of gross added value per person employed);
- 1 million workers performing new or higher value-added AI-supported work due to changes in position or workplace.
The AI strategy also sets objectives that will directly impact citizens by 2030, including:
- Hungary becoming the main European centre for the development and testing of self-driving vehicles;
- 2 million citizens to take an active part in the management and use of their own data with the help of data wallets; and
- 2.5 million citizens to receive AI-supported education.
To achieve these ambitious goals, the AI strategy proposes the creation of interdependent measures, such as foundation pillars, focus areas and transformative programmes.
Foundation pillars help prepare society to manage the inevitable changes resulting from AI and to effectively and fully exploit the technology's advantages. The aim of the first foundation pillar is to set the data economy in motion by introducing a data-market platform and make public data available and in line with EU legislation.
The aim of the data-market platform – to be implemented in three stages – is to establish and raise awareness of the economic value of commercially viable data, and to encourage its secondary use. In the first stage of the data-market platform's implementation, a marketplace that exercises brokerage function will be established, which will provide a space for the transmission of non-personal data and related technologies.
The second stage will create commercial opportunities for data assets (including personal data), and the third stage will create the “One Stop Shop” platform, which will serve data custodians as well as the researchers and developers of the application.
In order to connect public data with the data cycle, a new regulatory body – the National Data Assets Agency – will be established along with a public data portal, which is scheduled to be launched on 31 March 2021.
The foundation pillar for research, development and innovation will lead to the creation of the National Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, which will act as a coordinating body between the research institutes, the market, the AI research scene and the international research community.
The foundation pillar for education, competence development and societal preparedness will lead to the creation of an AI Innovation Centre for colleting and disseminating information, event organisation and social dialogue, the development of profession-specific training techniques and their application to the education system.
Another foundation pillar is the regulatory and ethical framework, which – according to the AI strategy – will require the creation of a general regulatory environment for data assets. This environment will support AI-related use of public data assets and facilitate the process of turning data into assets, together with the development of relevant financial and legal regulations.
An Artificial Intelligence Regulation and Ethics Knowledge Centre will also be created to help resolve legal issues and matters of ethics relating to the regulation of AI.
Focus areas of the AI strategy identify sector-specific development goals designed to help Hungary occupy an elevated position in the global value chain. The focus areas include:
- Manufacturing and autonomous systems;
- Data-driven healthcare;
- Integrated, digital agriculture;
- State administration;
- Logistics; and
The transformative programmes will generate value for individual citizens using AI technologies. The implementation of these programmes should profoundly transform the sectors concerned and promote the general use of AI in society. These transformative programmes include:
- Self-driving vehicles – autonomous systems;
- Health consciousness in a digital world;
- Climate-driven agriculture;
- Data wallet and personalised services;
- AI-supported development of personal expertise;
- Automated administrative procedures in Hungarian language;
- Energy networks focused on renewable energy sources.
In line with the new strategy, the Hungarian government has formally decided to establish the new institutions mentioned above (i.e. the AI Innovation Centre, the National Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (AI LAB), and the National Data Asset Agency).
The English version of the AI strategy can be found at the following link: http://https//ai-hungary.com/en
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